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Lanna History

The history development of Lanna Kingdom and Chiang Mai

Reference: Chiang Mai World Heritage Initiative Project


2 AD. (101-200)

PRE-LANNA 

Dvaravati (Central Thai)

: Changing in the pattern of town planning from south to North

Become to the double city wall

Outer moat :  irregularly shape

Inner moat : circle shape/sphere


7-8 AD.

Funan Collapses effect

Spread of small towns in river plain/coastal plain

 

Nanhai trade effects the maritime trade in south China sea and Indochina.

 

Trade network from coastal plain


1296 - 1558

LANNA-KINGDOM MANGRAI DYNASTY

Town planning development in Lanna

territory

Haripunjaya 661 AD. – 1286 AD.

Kelangnakorn (Lampang) 680 AD.

Phare 828 AD.

Nan 1368 AD.

Phyao 1096 AD.

Chiang Rai 1262 AD.

 

 


1296

Establishment of Lanna Architecture.

Significant Temples

– WAT CHIANG MAN

– WAT SADUE MUANG (INTHAKHIN)

Monuments, Walls and  Gates 

– JANG SRIPOOM

– JANG KA-THAM

– JANG KU-HUEANG

– JANG HUA-RIN

*Phaya Meng Rai had an order to build Jang Sripoom,  Jang Ka-Tham, J ang Ku-Hueang  and  Jang Hua-Rin  respectively


1355- 1385

King Kuena Period

1371 AD.

Established the Theravada Buddhism- Lanka branch from Sukhothai in

Chiang Mai. Built Suan Dok temple

1383 AD.

King Kuena (1355- 1385 AD.) Built Wat Phra Thad Doi Suthep

1391 AD.

King Saen Muangma (1385- 1401 AD.) Built Wat Phra that Chedi Luang to be the center of Chiang Mai

1400 – 1500 AD.

Lanna got appointed from China to be the tributary state as ‘Bhabaizefu – Bhabidadian’

1430 AD.

Established the Theravada Buddhism- renewal Lanka branch or Padang from Srilanka.

1442-1525 AD.

King Dilokaraj – Phya Kaew

“The golden age Of Lanna kingdom”


1664-1774

Under-Burmese Period. 

1664-1774 AD.

Burmese annexed Lanna during  Konbaung Dynasty

Burmese migrated Lanna people to their country during governed Lanna for 200 years.


1782-1815

King Kawila Reign – the age of regeneration of city and rituals.

1798-1813 AD.

– Regenerated the city

– to herd people from Lanna territory

1804 AD.

Chiang Saen collapsed : the last stronghold of Burmese army

1829 AD.

British and native subject came to Chiang Mai for commerce

1834 AD.

First coming of British embassy to Chiang Mai

1855 AD.

Bowring treaty the contract between British and Siam

1864 AD.

British Borneo company came to Chiang Mai for forest industry

1873 AD.

Treaty of Chiang Mai (1)

1883 AD.

Treaty of Chiang Mai (2)

 


1894-1932

The tesapibal countries administrative reformation

 

  • 1894 AD.

Established ‘Monthon Bhayap’ the dominated political structural system of Siam in Chiang Mai

1901 AD.

Land reform in Lanna by Siam. Permission of certificate of land ownership in Lanna by Siam.

1903 AD.

Built the Nawarat bridge across ping river

1914-1918 AD.

World War I


1936 - Present

NATION STATES: (Modern Chiang Mai)

1936 AD.

The first act of building control

1952 AD.

The first act of legislation of urban planning and rural

Highway project launched by Siam government

1968 AD.

Kad Luang (central market) conflagration.

1984 AD.

The first of central city planning of Chiang Mai

Present

Chiang Mai is the main city of North region according to national economic development plan